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so many varieties from which to choose!

thank you Belltown Orchards!

Just a real quick post this morning. Wanted to share this resource with all of you before apple season passes us by. I’ve shared information about Belltown Orchards before (remember those amazing blackberries?). You should visit the orchard and pick some apples while there are still apples around — it’s half past October and those apple days are dwindling quickly. But also check out their website of helpful and information about the fruits that they grow and how to enjoy them.

Recently they posted this listing of Apple Varieties & Uses. It will help you decide not only which apples do you want for your pies and which for your sauce, it tells you when to expect each variety, their texture, flavor, and — my favorite — storage time. Don’t bother to pick a bushel of Ginger Golds unless you plan to feed a large group since their shelf life is only about two weeks. but your Macouns will likely last until after Turkey Day and Winesaps even longer.

if you’re now hungry for applesauce

just cut up the apples and cook in heavy pan — no peeling or coring

Check out my post on applesauce for step-by-step directions for making Ava’s Applesauce. You’ve never made a sauce faster than this, thanks to Macintosh apples and a trusty Foley Food Mill.

lots of options for picking your own

Falling into the “better late than never” category, I want to mention that there are lots of options for picking your own local produce — fruits and vegetables. If you’re at a loss for finding what you need, here are some valuable resources:

apples -- before

apples -- after, aka, applesauce

Apples!

What is more iconic of fall? Applesauce! What says comfort food better? If you haven’t enjoyed the pleasure of picking your own apples, you are missing a real treat. I’m very fortunate to live in an old farming community that still boasts many orchards, and most encourage pick your own. It’s a fun outing and a very economical way to get good, local apples. Not sure whether there are any pick your own options in your area? Check out PickYourOwn.com for a listing of farms in your area. You’ll also find good information about local foods and food preservation.

Of course you’ll want to eat lots of your apples fresh and make apple pies, cobblers, tarts, and what not. But don’t forget the simple, homely applesauce. Using my recipe, you can easily make it in about an hour, and if you want to can it, add maybe another hour total. Applesauce also freezes very well. By the way, this recipe and many more will be found in my upcoming book, Hobby Farm Homes: Canning and Freezing to be published by BowTie Press in September of 2011. **

easy does it

Nearly every recipe I’ve found for applesauce tells you to peel and core the apple, then cook, and mash or strain. Yes, you can do this, but why would you when there’s an infinitely easier method (which is just as safe and tested) that saves you the time peeling and coring and yields more applesauce. This recipe is perfect for babies (and grandchildren — just ask granddaughter Ava) since you don’t need to add any sugar.

Ingredients

Apples, water, and some ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) or lemon juice to prevent darkening. That’s it. I make my sauce when the McIntoshes are plentiful. You will hear other folks proclaim the benefits of other apples, and I’m sure that they are good as well. Some tell you to use a mixture. One actually gave me the percentage of McIntosh to Fuji, Yellow Delicious, Gala, and Winesap. Okay, I don’t disagree that you might get a sparkier flavor by mixing a tangy Winesap with your Mac, but try to find a good Mac when the Winesaps are ready. So, I just use Macs. They’re generally pretty inexpensive, sweet, flavorful, and cook up perfectly for sauce. A bushel of apples will give you about fourteen quarts of sauce.

Steps

  • Wash the apples thoroughly, cutting out any bad spots. Clean the blossom end thoroughly.
  • Cut the apple into about six slices — don’t worry about removing the seeds or skin. Rinse.

    put your cut apples (skin, core, and all) in a heavy pot

  • Place the apples for about 5 minutes in a water bath containing 3,000 mg.  of ascorbic acid (that’s six 500 mg Vitamin C tablets crushed) or 3/4 C. lemon juice per gallon, or follow manufacturer’s instructions if you use a commercially prepared mixture, such as Fruit Fresh(R). This will help to prevent oxidative darkening.
  • Remove apples from water bath (do not rinse again) and put them dripping wet into a very heavy saucepan.  Ideally, you’ll want an aluminum core with stainless steel inside surface, but I’ve used heavy aluminum for years with success. A flimsy saucepan can work, but you’ll need to keep the temp very low to prevent scorching.
  • Fill the heavy pot nearly to the top with the cut apples. Add a little bit of water. For a three-quart pot, I add about ¼ cup of water.
  • Turn stove top temperature to medium high (or medium if you don’t have heavy-duty pot) and cook apples until they are very soft and the flesh falls off the peel. Check on them now and then, and stir. Depending upon the pot size and heat, this will be about twenty minutes. I do multiple pots at one time.

    cook apples until tender and mushy

  • While the apples are cooking, if I’m making enough sauce to can or freeze, I get my jars, lids, and other equipment ready. *
  • When finished cooking, pour the cooked apples into a food strainer or food mill. If you have a fancy food mixer, there are attachments that you can buy to do this, but I’ve used a crank-style food mill for years and it works great.

    cooked_apples_foodmill

    cooked apples in food mill

  • Strain the apples to remove the sauce from the skins, stems, and seeds. It’s amazing how much sauce you can get in this way. From my bushel of Macs, I only lost about six cups of apple peels/seeds, and such — and that ended up on my compost pile.
  • If you are planning to use your sauce right away, you’re done! Just eat and enjoy; store any extra in an airtight container in your refrigerator. Should easily keep for a week to ten days.
  • If you plan to can or freeze your sauce, as you finish each strainer full, empty the sauce into a large pot until you have finished cooking and straining all the apples.
  • If freezing, let the sauce cool, then put in freezer containers, leaving 1/2 inch head space (pints) or 1 inch (quarts) for expansion.
  • If canning, heat the sauce slowly to boiling, being careful not to scorch.
  • Working one jar at a time, pour the boiling sauce into the jar, leaving ½ inch head space. Remove all bubbles, wipe rim, adjust lids. Process in a water bath canner 15 minutes for pints and 20 minutes for quarts.

* In future posts, I’ll go into canning and freezing processes. They are all covered in my book, but until then, I suggest the web site from the National Center for Home Food Preservation, which was developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Please beware, there are a lot of canning and preserving instructions floating around cyberspace, and not all are accurate or safe! Only use canning recipes that have been approved by the USDA.

**Portions of this post taken from Hobby Farm Home: Canning and Preserving are copyright protected, BowTie Press(R), Inc.

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